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  cemeteries  
  The cemeteries in the Vimy region reflect the Canadian occupation of this sector from October 1916 to midsummer 1918. The dead of the Battle of Vimy Ridge lie buried among their comrades, generally buried in complete plots within the cemeteries. Throughout France and Belgium cemeteries fall into three main categories:

Regimental or Frontline Cemeteries: Located near the front lines, these cemeteries were for quick burials of soldiers killed at the front. They may also be small battlefield cemeteries set up by Divisional or Corps Burial Officers immediately after a battle. Often the layout and rows are irregular.

Battlefield Clearance Cemeteries: These were usually small cemeteries that were greatly expanded after the war by the concentration of remains brought in from surrounding battlefields. They contain a high proportion of unidentified graves and the layout of the rows is regular and often symmetric.

Hospital Centre Cemeteries: These are near main hospital centres or casualty clearing stations. All burials are in chronological order and few graves are unidentified.
Below is a list of some of the cemeteries containing Canadian soldiers that fought at Vimy Ridge. For a complete listing, please refer to Norm Christie's book For King and Empire, The Canadians at Vimy Ridge.


 
  Regimental or Frontline Cemeteries and Battlefield Clearance Cemeteries
Hospital Centre Cemeteries



 
 
  Regimental or Frontline Cemeteries and Battlefield Clearance Cemeteries

 
 
Nine Elms Military Cemetery, Thelus
 
 
Located six kilometres north of Arras, this cemetery was made by the Canadian Corps after the Battle of Vimy Ridge and originally used for the burial of 80 men of the 14th Battalion (Royal Montreal Regiment) killed on April 9, 1917. Battlefield clearances after the war brought in many small cemeteries made by fighting units immediately after the battle. It now contains 683 Commonwealth burials including 539 Canadians, of which 99 are unknown.

 
 
Bois Carre British Cemetery, Thelus  
 
 
  Located one kilometre east of the village of Thelus, this cemetery was made in April 1917 by the Canadian Corps. Another 425 graves were brought in by the battlefield clearances after the war. It now contains the graves of 500 Commonwealth soldiers, 382 of them Canadian (44 are unidentified remains), including those from all four Canadian divisions that fought at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, as well as many from post-Vimy actions when the Canadians pushed out into the Douai Plain.

 
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Lichfield Crater, Thelus
 
 
This cemetery, in open ground between the villages of Thelus and Neuville-St. Vaast, was uniquely constructed as a mass grave. After the battle, the remains of 56 soldiers were buried in a mine crater in what was known as No-Man's-Land. Later, the crater was truncated and the sides of the crater grassed. It contains 52 Canadian graves (of which 10 are unknown), five completely unknowns and one of an unknown Russian. A British soldier, whose remains were found during construction, is buried at the edge of the crater. Among the dead buried here is Lance Sergeant Ellis Sifton, VC, of the 18th Battalion, awarded his Victoria Cross posthumously.

 
 
Canadian Cemetery No. 2, Neuville-St. Vaast  
 
 
  This Vimy Memorial Park cemetery was established by the Canadian Corps in April 1917.The original burials were from the 4th Division, killed on April 9, 1917. Battlefield clearances in 1919 significantly increased the size of the cemetery and it was reopened for burials in 1931, receiving its last Canadian burial in 1947. The cemetery contains the graves of 2,966 (72% unidentified) Commonwealth soldiers of which 693 are Canadian (226 unidentified).

 
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Ecoivres Military Cemetery, Mont-St-Eloi
 
 
The ruins of Mont-St.-Eloi gave the Canadians a powerful observation post before the Vimy attack and, with their headquarters nearby, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Canadian Divisions used this cemetery throughout 1917. Many units brought back their dead from the front and buried them here. The cemetery now contains 1,825 Commonwealth burials, including 828 Canadians.

 
   
   
 
 
  Hospital Centre Cemeteries

 
  Lapugnoy Military Cemetery

 
  Established in 1915 and used for burials from nearby Casualty Clearing Stations, this cemetery now contains 1,319 Commonwealth graves. The 349 Canadians buried here reflect the Battles of Vimy Ridge and Hill 70.
 
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Etaples Military Cemetery
 
 
This cemetery was used throughout the war, and contains 10,720 Commonwealth graves, including 1,123 Canadians. It reflects Canadian losses during the major actions of Mount Sorrel, the Somme, Vimy, Passchendaele and the Advance of Victory. Etaples was the major depot base for the British army on the Western Front.

 
 
Wimereux Communal Cemetery  
 
 
  Used from 1915 to 1918, this cemetery contains the graves of 2,847 Commonwealth soldiers of which 216 are Canadian. Due to the ground instability, all the World War I headstones are recumbent. The Canadian burials reflect a number of battles, but particularly Vimy and Passchendaele.

At the entrance of the cemetery is a memorial plaque to Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, Canadian Army Medical Corps, who died of pneumonia while on active service in January 1918. He is most famous for the poem he wrote at Ypres in 1915, In Flanders Fields.


 
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